bible & science

Is science a friend or foe to the Bible? In this series we will discover that a proper interpretation of science, as well as a proper understanding of Scripture, will find no conflict between the two. Consequently, we will find what the Bible does say, as well as what it does not say, with respect to science and nature. In doing so, we will clear up many misconceptions on this topic.


Part 1: The Bible’s Relationship To Science - Does The Scripture Conflict With Science?

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth        

(Genesis 1:1 KJV)

When the subject of the Bible and its relationship to science is addressed there are a number of introductory questions that naturally arise. This book will cover some of these introductory questions. We will look at what science can and cannot do, the relationship of the Bible to science, the way in which scientific statements should be understood, as well as other introductory questions in this most important topic.

Part 2: Dinosaurs And The Bible - What Does The Bible Have To Say?

This section in our book is one that causes a lot of interest –dinosaurs. These huge creatures that once roamed the earth fascinate us all. There are a number of questions that naturally arise concerning the dinosaurs. What are dinosaurs? Where did they come from? Why did God create them? What happened to them? Could some dinosaurs still be alive today? Does the Bible have anything to say about this subject?

Part 3: Scientific Difficulties In Scripture

This last section of the book looks at some of the scientific difficulties which are found in the Bible. While they are often ridiculed as being scientifically absurd we will find that these are difficulties have realistic solutions. This includes such accounts as Jonah being swallowed by the sea creature, the sun standing still in the long day in Joshua, the Bible mentioning the unicorn and idea that the sky was a solid dome.

Question 1: The Main Issue: Is Everything Here By Blind Chance Or By God’s Intelligent Design? 

Question 2: What Are The Limitations Of Science? Can It Provide Ultimate Answers?

Question 3: What Are Some Common Misconceptions About How Bible-believing Christians View Scripture And Science?

Question 4: What Are The Issues Where All Bible-believing Christians Agree With Respect To The Bible And Science?

Question 5: What Are The Issues In The Bible And Science Debate Where Christians Have Differences?

Question 6: What Is The Primary Purpose Of Scripture? Is It To Teach Us About Science?

Question 7: What Are The Various Ways In Which Christians Interpret Scientific References Found In Scripture?

Question 8: Why Do Some Christians Think The Bible Contains No Useful Scientific Information?

Question 9: Why Do Some Christians Try To Make The Bible Fit The Latest Theories Of Science (Concordism)

Question 10: Why Do Some Christians Believe That The Bible Makes Mistakes In Areas Of Science? (Limited Inerrancy)

Question 11: Should The Bible Be Consulted To Answer Scientific Questions?

Question 12: What Is The Biblical Case For “Young Earth Creationism?”

Question 13: What Are Some Of The Recent Challenges That Have Been Made To The Genesis Account Of Creation?

Question 14: Why Do Some Scientific Theories Contradict The Bible?

Question 15: Why Did The Church Condemn Galileo For Saying The Earth Was Not The Immovable Center Of The Solar System?

Question 16: What Impact Did The Huxley/Wilberforce Debate Have On Way The Bible And Science Were Perceived?

Question 17: What Happened At The Scopes Trial? 

Question 18: Has Christianity Opposed The Advancement Of Science?

Part 2: Dinosaurs And The Bible - What Does The Bible Have To Say?

Question 19: What Are Dinosaurs?

Question 20: According To The Bible, When Were Dinosaurs Created?

Question 21: Does The Bible Say Anything Specifically About Dinosaurs?

Question 22: What Was The Behemoth? Was It A Dinosaur?

Question 23: What Was The Leviathan? Was It A Dinosaur?

Question 24: What Happened To The Dinosaurs?

Question 25: Is It Possible That Dinosaurs Are Alive Today?

Part 3: Scientific Issues In Scripture - Dealing With Scientific Questions And Problems

Question 26: Does The Bible Make Unscientific Statements?

Question 27: Does Scripture Teach That The Sky Is A Solid Dome? (Firmament)

Question 28: Does The Bible Teach That The Earth Is The Center Of The Universe? (Geocentrism)

Question 29: Does The Bible Teach A Flat Earth? (The Earth Has Four Corners)

Question 30: Does Scripture Teach That The Earth Actually Sits On Pillars?

Question 31: Why Does The Bible Say That The Moon Is A Light?

Question 32: Is The Gospel Found In The Stars? (Mazzaroth)

Question 33: Does The Bible Speak About Cavemen?

Question 34: Does Genesis 10:25 Speak Of The Earth Splitting Into Continents In The Days Of Peleg? (Continental Drift)

Question 35: Was Their Rain Before The Genesis Flood?

Question 36: Did Rainbows Exist Before The Flood?

Question 37: Does The Rabbit Chew Its Cud?

Question 38: Why Did God Restrict The Children Of Israel From Eating Certain Foods? (The Dietary Laws)

Question 39: Did The Sun Actually Stand Still In Joshua’s Long Day?

Question 40: Has A Missing Day In History Been Found Which Confirms Joshua’s Long Day?

Question 41: Does The Bible Give An Inaccurate Value To Pi?

Question 42: How Could Iron Float And Wood Sink?

Question 43: Did God Back Up The Sun For Hezekiah’s Sundial?

Question 44: Was Jonah Swallowed By A Whale?

Question 45: What Was The Star of Bethlehem?

Question 46: Does The Bible Foresee Modern Scientific Discoveries?

Question 47: What Should We Conclude About The Bible And Its Views On Science?


Part 1: The Biblical Doctrine Of Creation        

The biblical doctrine of creation is the first doctrine stated in Scripture. This speaks to its importance. Consequently, it is essential that we know certain things about it. In this book, we look at some of the major things which we learn when we examine what the Bible has to say about creation.

Part 2: Evolution And Creation: What Do They Teach?

He [Jesus] answered, “Have you not read that from the beginning the Creator made them male and female” (Matthew 19:4 NET) 

There are two main theories that attempt to explain how life developed on the earth – biblical creationism and evolution. The topic of creation and evolution is now our focus. Are we here by chance or design? If evolution is true, then what are the consequences? Did God have used evolutionary forces to bring about the world? These and other issues will be examined in this section.

Question 1: Where Did The Universe Come From?

Question 2: Was The Universe Created By The God Of The Bible? 

Question 3: What Is The Biblical Account Of Special Creation? (Fiat Creationism)

Question 4: Did God Create The Universe Out Of No Preexisting Materials? (Creation Ex Nihilo)

Question 5: What Does The Bible Say That God Specifically Created?

Question 6: Why Did God Create The Universe?

Question 7: Did God Create Other Inhabited World’s Apart From Our Own?

Question 8: What False Teachings Are Refuted By The Biblical Account Of Creation? (Atheism, Polytheism, Pantheism, Deism)

Question 9: What Is Eternal Creationism?

Question 10: What Is The Gnostic View Of Creation?

Question 11: Was Each Of The Members Of The Trinity Involved In Creation?

Question 12: What Is Presently Preserving The Universe?

Question 13: How Is God Preserving The Universe?

Question 14: How Involved Is God In Running The Universe?

Question 15: What Does The Bible Have To Say About Future Creation?

Part 2: Creation Or Evolution: What Should We Believe?

Question 16: What Is The Theory Of Evolution? 

Question 17: What Is Macroevolution? What Is Microevolution?

Question 18: What Are The Consequences Of Accepting The Theory Of Evolution?

Question 19: Does First Timothy 6:20 Refer To The Theory Of Evolution? (Science Falsely So Called)

Question 20: What Is The Big Bang Theory? Is It Compatible With The Bible?

Question 21: What Did After Its Kind Mean? Does The Bible Teach The Fixity Of The Species? 

Question 22: Can Biblical Creationism Or The Theory Of Evolution Be Proven Scientifically?

Question 23: What Is Theistic Evolution?   

Question 24: Can Theistic Evolution Solve The Controversy Between Creation And Evolution?         

Question 25: Why Do Some Christians Believe In Evolution?

Question 26: Did Charles Darwin Change His Mind About Evolution On His Deathbed?  (The Lady Hope Story)

Question 27: Is It Enough To Believe In An Intelligent Designer Or Creator? (ID Intelligent Design)


In this book we will concentrate on one of the most controversial and often-discussed subjects in the Bible/Science debate – the meaning of the word day in the first chapter of the Book of Genesis.

As we shall see, there are a number of different views that Bible-believers hold on this fascinating subject. 

For example, some see the earth as being relatively young while others believe it is millions of years old. Some see judgment in the first chapter of Genesis while others do not. All of these conclusions are claimed to have been made from a study of the Scripture. Obviously, all of these perspectives cannot be true. As we examine this topic we will discover exactly what the Bible does say and does not say with respect to Genesis 1 and the date of creation.

Question 1: How Shall We Approach The Issue Of The Meaning Of The Word “Day” In Genesis 1?

Question 2: What Are The Various Ways Bible-Believers Understand The Word “Day” In The First Chapter Of Genesis?

Question 3: What Is The Recent Creation View? (Six Literal Days Twenty-Four Hours In Length, The Calendar Day View)

Question 4: What Is The Literal Solar Day/Creation Not Dated View?

Question 5: What Is The Local Creation View? (The Creation Account Only Deals With The Promised Land)

Question 6: What Is The Pre-Genesis 1 Creation View?

Question 7: What Is The Gap Theory? (The Ruin And Reconstruction Theory)

Question 8: Could There Have Been Gaps Between The Days In Genesis 1? (Progressive Creationism)

Question 9: What Is The Revelational Day Theory? (Creation Was Revealed In Six Days)

Question 10: Was The Account Of Creation Written On Six Tablets Long Before The Time Of Moses? (The Creation Account Was Possibly Written By Adam)

Question 11: What Is The Age/Day Theory? (The Days Represent Long Ages)

Question 12: What Is Literary Framework View?

Question 13: What Is The Religious Only View Of Genesis?

Question 14: What Is The Analogical Day View? (Days Of God, Not Human Days)

Question 15: What Should Be Our Conclusion About What The Bible Says Concerning The Days In Genesis? 


A much-discussed topic among Bible believer is the extent of the Flood in the days of Noah. This book will explore the various ways the Genesis Flood account has been understood. Some believers think the Flood was worldwide in it scope destroying every living thing on the planet. Only those in the ark survived. Others think the Flood did not cover the entire earth but rather was localized to a small geographic area. All sides appeal to Scripture to support their case. We will examine the biblical arguments for the various positions and evaluate their strengths and weaknesses. Our goal is to give the best arguments that are put forward for each particular view. Our desire is to be thorough without being exhaustive. Along the way, we will state what we believe is the best way to view all of the evidence. The reader can then decide which view best fits the facts or whether the evidence is not conclusive to hold any one particular view.

Part 1: The Extent Of The Flood Did The Flood Cover The Entire Earth Or Was It Localized?

Question 1: What Are The Various Ways Christians Understand The Flood In Noah’s Day? (What Was Its Extent)

Question 2: Was The Flood In Noah’s Day Localized To One Geographic Area? (Local Flood)

Question 3: Did The Flood Cover The Entire Earth? (Universal Flood)

Question 4: What Conclusions Should We Make About The Genesis Flood?

Part 2: Biblical Chronology And The Age Of The Earth - What The Bible Specifically Teaches

Question 5: Do Christians Believe The Earth Is Old Or Young?

Question 6: Why Do Some Bibles Say The Date Of Creation Was 4004 B.C? (Ussher’s Chronology)

Question 7: Does The Bible Give Us Clues With Respect To The Age Of The Earth?  

Question 8: Do The Days In Genesis Help Us In Dating The Age Of The Earth? 

Question 9: What Is The Idealized View Of Time? (Mature Creationism) How Does It Affect The Way Things Are Dated?

Question 10: Do The Genealogies In The Bible Give Us A Complete Chronology? (Can We Date The Time Of Creation From The Genealogies Alone?)

Question 11: How Does The Issue Of Animal Death Help Us Date The Age Of The Earth?

Question 12: Why Would God Not Have Revealed Himself To Those Who Lived Before Adam And Eve? (Assuming Such Personages Existed)

Question 13: Do The Teachings Of Jesus Provide Us With Any Information About The Genesis Creation Account And The Age Of The Earth?

Question 14: How Does The Nature Of God, As Revealed In The Bible, Help Us Determine How Long Humanity Has Been On This Planet?

Question 15: Does The Fall Of Humanity And The Genesis Flood Have To Be Considered When Dating The Earth? (Uniformitarianism)

Question 16: Does Genesis 1:1 Preclude Us From Dating The Earth And The Universe?

Question 17: What Conclusions Can We Make About The Age Of The Earth And The Universe?


Introductory Difficulties In Genesis

Some Foundational Questions Examined

The first eleven chapters of the Book of Genesis contain a number of issues that are of the utmost importance for human beings. Consequently, before we look at these specific questions which come from the text of Scripture there are a number of introductory issues about the Book of Genesis which need to be addressed. This first section of our book looks at some of these initial questions.

The Genesis Creation Account

(Genesis 1 And 2)

The first chapter of Genesis gives the account of the creation of the heavens and earth. Included in this description of creation are all things that can be seen with the naked eye. God is said to have made everything in the universe with one notable exception, Himself. Genesis does not provide many details about creation but those things that are recorded should be taken seriously. 

The Fall Of Humanity

(Genesis 3)

The Explanation Of The Origin Of Sin

The third chapter of the Book of Genesis is one of the most important in the entire Bible. In it, we find the explanation of the origin of sin. In fact, without the third chapter of Genesis, the remainder of the Bible makes no sense whatsoever. Therefore, it is vital that we understand the events recorded in this chapter.

Apart from being the explanation for the origin of sin into our world, this chapter is a literary masterpiece. For example, in Genesis 3:1-5 it is the serpent who sins. In 3:6 it is the woman who sins and then finally the man. When the Lord confronts these personages He speaks to them in the reverse order, the man (3:9-12), the woman (3:13), and then the serpent (3:14). The Lord then pronounces judgment upon them in the order in which they sinned. First the serpent is judged (3:14-15), then the woman hears her judgment (3:16), and finally the man is judged (3:17-19).

Part 1: Introductory Difficulties In Genesis - Some Basic Questions Examined

Question 1: What Is The Purpose Of The Book Of Genesis? Why Was It Written?

Question 2: Did Moses Write The First Five Books Of The Bible?

Question 3: Since Moses Wasn’t Alive When The Events In Genesis Occurred, How Could He Accurately Record What Happened?

Question 4: When Did Moses Write The First Five Books Of The Bible? Was It 1445 B.C. Or 1290 B.C?

Question 5: Why Is Moses’ Authorship Of The First Five Books Of Scripture Rejected By Some People?

Question 6: How Could Moses Have Written About His Own Death? (Deuteronomy 34)

Question 7: Is It Important To Interpret The Events Of Genesis In A Literal Manner?

Part 2: The Genesis Creation Account (Genesis 1 and 2) - What Does The Bible Say?

Question 8: Does The Book Of Genesis Provide Any Scientific Information Regarding The Origin Of The Universe?

Question 9: Is The Genesis Account Of Creation Similar To Other Ancient Accounts Such As The Mesopotamian Enuma Elish?

Question 10: Did The Writer Of Genesis Borrow His Ideas From Other Ancient Creation Accounts? 

Question 11: Are There Mythological Elements In The Genesis Creation Account?

Question 12: What Does Genesis 1:1 Tell Us About The Creation Of The Heavens And The Earth?

Question 13: How Should Genesis 1:1 Be Translated?

Question 14: Should Genesis 1:1 Be Understood As A Title To The Creation Account? 

Question 15: How Could There Have Been Light Before The Sun?

Question 16: What Do “The Waters Above” Refer To? (Genesis 1:7)

Question 17: How Were The Stars To Be Used As Signs? (Genesis 1:14)

Question 18: To Whom Did God Enter Counsel With? (Genesis 1:26) Does This Speak Of The Trinity?

Question 19: What Is The Image Of God That Humankind Was Created In? What Things Do We Have In Common With God?

Question 20: Is There A Difference Between The Image And Likeness Of God?

Question 21: Does God Command Humanity To Exploit Nature? (Genesis 1:28-30)

Question 22: In What Sense Did God Rest On The Seventh Day?

Question 23: Why Does Genesis Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 Use Different Names For God? (Elohim And Yahweh, Or Jehovah)

Question 24: Does Genesis 1 and 2 Contain Two Contradictory Accounts Of Creation?

Question 25: Where Was The Garden Of Eden? Can The Location Of The Garden Of Eden Ever Be Found?

Question 26: Were Adam And Eve Actual People?

Question 27: Did Any Human Beings Exist Before God Created Adam And Eve? (Pre-Adamic Race)

Question 28: How Was Adam Created? (Genesis 2:7)

Question 29: In What Sense Was Adam Different From The Animals? 

Question 30: What Was The Tree Of Life?

Question 31: What Was The Tree Of The Knowledge Of Good And Evil?

Question 32: Were Humans Created Before The Animals? (Genesis 2:19)

Question 33: What Does It Mean, “Man Was To Keep The Garden?”

Question 34: How Was Eve Created? Was She Made From The Rib Of Adam?

Question 35: If Eve Was Created From Adam’s Rib Then Why Don’t Males Have One Less Rib Than Females?

Part 3: The Fall Of Humanity (Genesis 3) - The Explanation Of The Origin Of Sin

Question 36: Is The Fall Of Humanity An Historical Event Or Is It A Myth? Does It Matter One Way Or The Other?

Question 37: Did God Give Adam And Eve An Unfair Test In The Garden Of Eden?

Question 38: How Do We Understand The Serpent, Or Snake In The Garden Of Eden? Was It A Real Creature?

Question 39: Why Did God Allow The Tempter To Enter The Paradise Of Eden?

Question 40: With Respect To Eating The Forbidden Fruit, Did Eve Either Change Or Misinterpret The Original Commands Of The Lord?

Question 41: Why Do Some Translations Of Genesis 3:5 Say Adam And Eve Could Become gods? Does This Mean That More Than One God Exists?

Question 42: What Type Of Knowledge Did The Serpent Promise Eve? (Did She Think She Could Become God?)

Question 43: In What Areas Was Eve Tempted?

Question 44: What Was Adam’s Role In The Fall? Why Didn’t He Stop Eve From Eating The Forbidden Fruit?

Question 45: What Would Have Happened If Adam Had Not Eaten From The Forbidden Fruit?

Question 46: In What Sense Did Adam And Eve Die When They Ate The Forbidden Fruit?

Question 47: What Would Have Happened If Adam And Eve Did Not Sin?

Question 48: How Are We To Understand God “Walking” In The Garden Of Eden?

Question 49: Did God Find Out That Adam And Eve Had Sinned Only When He Found Them Hiding?

Question 50: What Was The Punishment For The Serpent For Its Role In The Fall?

Question 51: What Does Genesis 3:15 Mean? Who Is The Seed Or Offspring Of The Serpent? Who Is The Seed Or Offspring Of The Woman?

Question 52: How Was The Woman Punished For Her Role In The Fall? What Is Meant By “Childbearing Will Be A Curse?”

Question 53: How Was The Man Punished For His Role In The Fall?

Question 54: How Did The Fall Affect The Earth?

Question 55: Does Genesis 3:22 Contradict Genesis 1:27?  In What Sense Can Humans Become Like God? 

Question 56: If God Is Everywhere, How Could Adam And Eve Hide From His Presence?

Question 57: Why Did God Place A Guard At The Garden Of Eden? (The Cherubim)

Question 58: What Important Spiritual Truths Do We Learn From The Story Of The Fall Of Humanity?


In this first section of the book, we look at questions concerning those who lived after Adam and Eve sinned in the Garden of Eden but before the Flood of Noah. Unfortunately humanity continued in the footsteps of Adam and Eve and continued to sin. In these chapters in Genesis we find the human race moving farther away from the perfection of Eden and the God of the Bible. Their behavior set the stage for the Lord to send a great flood upon the earth.

The Genesis Flood And Its Aftermath

(Genesis 7-11)

The Bible says that God sent a great flood to judge sin. This obviously brings up a number of important questions regarding the account of the flood and its affect upon the earth. This section looks at some of these questions. After the floodwater subsided, God made a covenant with Noah. It is important that we understand that certain things were different before and after the Flood.

Question 1: What Did Eve Mean, “I Have Gotten A Man From The Lord?”  

Question 2: Why Did God Reject Cain’s Sacrifice?

Question 3: What Was The Mark Of Cain?

Question 4: Why Wasn’t Cain Put To Death For Killing His Brother? 

Question 5: Where Did Cain Get His Wife?

Question 6: Why Didn’t God Condemn Lamech’s Polygamy?

Question 7: What Does It Mean “People Began To Call Upon The Name Of The Lord?”

Question 8: Are The Genealogies In Genesis 5 Complete?

Question 9: Did The Ancients Live As Long As The Bible Said They Did?

Question 10: Why Did The People Live So Long Before The Flood?

Question 11: Why Didn’t Enoch Die?

Question 12: Who Were The Sons Of God And The Daughters Of Men?

Question 13: Were The Sons Of God Fallen Angels?

Question 14: Were The Sons Of God The Godly Line Of Seth?

Question 15: Were The Sons Of God Ancient Rulers Who Claimed To Be Divine?

Question 16: Were The Sons Of God Demon-Possessed Men?

Question 17: Were The Sons Of God Simply Men?

Question 18: What Should We Conclude About The Identity Of The Sons Of God And The Daughters Of Men?

Question 19: What Did The Lord Mean “My Spirit Will Not Strive With Humanity Forever?”

Question 20: Does Genesis 6:3 Contradict Psalm 90 With Respect To How Long Humans Will Live?

Question 21: Was God Unsatisfied With His Original Creation?

Question 22: Did God Change His Mind?

Question 23: In What Sense Was Noah Perfect?

Part 2: The Genesis Flood And Its Aftermath (Genesis 7-11) - What Were The Reasons God Sent The Flood?

Question 24: Is The Biblical Flood Account Merely A Legend?

Question 25: Did The Biblical Flood Account Borrow From Other Ancient Accounts Such As The Babylonian Epic Of Gilgamesh?

Question 26: Could The Ancients Have Constructed A Vessel As Large As The Ark?

Question 27: What Were The Reasons For The Flood?

Question 28: How Many Of Each Animal Entered The Ark?

Question 29: What Was The Duration Of The Flood?

Question 30: In What Sense Did God Remember Noah?

Question 31: Did The Occurrence Of Famines Contradict God’s Promise About Seedtime And Harvest?

Question 32: Do Future Divine Judgments Contradict God’s Promise That He Would Never Again Judge The Earth?

Question 33: Did All Of Humanity Descend From Noah’s Three Sons?

Question 34: Was The World Different After The Flood?

Question 35: What Was The Covenant God Made With Noah?  

Question 36: Was Noah Responsible For His Drunkenness?

Question 37: Why Was Canaan Cursed Instead Of Ham?

Question 15: What Was The Curse Of Canaan?

Question 38: Does The Bible Endorse Capital Punishment?

Question 39: How Could Genesis 10 Speak Of Many Languages When Genesis 11 Says There Was Only One?

Question 40: Why Was The Tower Of Babel Built?

Question 41: How Did God Scatter The People At Babel?

Question 42: Where Is The Site Of The Tower Of Babel?

Question 43: Where Was Abraham From: Ur Or Haran?